International Union of Architects Public Health Group (UIA-PHG) cordially
invites you to submit an abstract for a paper or poster presentation to the
2016 UIA-PHG Annual Seminar. The theme of the seminar is “Globalization of
Health: Building Sustainable One-Health Communities to Conquer Grand
Challenges in Global Health.” This seminar will take place in Nairobi Kenya,
in conjunction with the Ubrica Nairobi Summit and Expo.
A Grand Challenge
grand challenge is an ambitious but achievable goal that harnesses science,
technology, and innovation to solve important problems. Some grand challenges
are important problems related to energy, health, education, environment, global
security, and global human development. Solutions to grand challenges expand
the frontiers of human knowledge to create industries and jobs of the future.
This conference addresses the question: How
can we use design to address grand challenges in global health?
A Grand Challenge in Global Health
define global health as the health of every individual in the world. The World
Health Organization defined a grand challenge in global health as “a specific
critical barrier that if removed would help to solve an important public
health problem. Solution(s) to a grand challenge is/are highly innovative
and, if implemented, is/are highly feasible and successful. A solution to a grand
challenge in global health is holistic and distinctly different from the
traditional practices of addressing global health problems that deal with
only one disease (such as malaria, TB, HIV), or reaction to epidemics and
solution to grand challenges in global health must address:
features of an entity that can produce health in every individual in the
world, and therefore global health. This aspect recognizes that human beings know
things only by their physical features. Important
questions to consider:
What are the
physical features of the object that the term global health represents? What
does global health look like to the naked eye? How can we design a physical form of global health?
What is the
design form for harnessing creativity, energy and resources for generating
knowledge about health of every individual in the world?
What is the
role of collaboration in creating such a form to fit the function of
producing global health?
seminar intends to explore the grand challenge of discovery of a robust design
for health production that can ascertain production of health of individual
everywhere in the world, therefore global health. Recent work by the Fellows
the Center for Health Systems & Design at Texas A&M University indicates
that a sustainable design for health production in global health has four
design for humans (human centered design)
design for animals (animal centered design)
design for the environment (environment centered design)
design for economic development (economic centered design)
in global health has so far helped to identify economic deprivation as the
single most powerful force in the emergence, spread and entrenchment of communicable
and non-communicable diseases, and their attendant resulting disability,
complications and death. This research indicates that economic development is
by far the greatest cause of improvement in health.
emerging design for a sustainable health of every individual is one that
combines all the elements of the sustainability theory (the triple economic,
environmental and social bottom lines) and all the elements of one health
theory (human health, animal health, and environmental health), to create
Sustainable One-Health Communities.
sustainable One-Health Community recognizes the role of the animals, the
economy and the environment in human health. Indeed, sustainable production
of health in an individual is a function of a system that integrates
simultaneous operation of human health, animal health, environmental health
and economic health. The four modes of production of health (i.e., production
of health of humans, production of health of animals, production of health of
the environment, and production of health of the economy) must work together,
jointly and simultaneously as one entity. To try to produce the health of one
element, without the other three leads to failure, in a typical
fixes-that-fail systems archetype. The four modes of health production rely
on one another to operate effectively to create joint meaning of global
health as a comprehensive entity in one.
sustainable One-Health Community has an afferent (sensory) and efferent
(motor) component. The afferent component gathers data about emergent health
problems in the community, and transmits that data to a central analytical
unit. The efferent component responds appropriately to the transmitted data.
The sensory action by the by the afferent component collects data from family
members through an electronic mobile device using a mobile application. The
mobile device transmits point data to a data aggregation system from
different communities leading to detection of disease in the community. The
data analytical unit red-flags incidents and transmits them to members of
clinical intervention team. The efferent component responds to the reported
incident by sending a clinical intervention team to the site to investigate,
treat and contain the incident condition.
question: How do we, as planners, urban designers, architects, interior
designers, engineers, health and other related professionals, fulfil the mission
to build sustainable one-health communities that would ensure health of
people all over the world?