VISION 2030 PROVISIONS FOR DATA/INFORMATION MANAGEMENT and CYBER SECURITY
Global information and communication technology (ICT) growth has transformed how individuals, businesses, and governments produce and receive information. Adoption of ICT into everyday life is widespread in Kenya. The Government of Kenya is proud of this development and is actively encouraging its continued growth through national initiatives such as Kenya’s Vision 2030, ICT Master Plan, and the recent deployment of nationwide fiber-optic network infrastructure. Such efforts provide a dramatic increase in interconnectivity among businesses and individuals throughout Kenya.
Kenyan public and private sector organizations are now using this increased bandwidth and ICT capabilities to efficiently deliver services, conduct business transactions, and share Information across organizational, social, and geographic boundaries.
Below are the measures the government is taking to enhance Cyber security;
1. The government launched the National Cyber Security Strategy. The Strategy will provide the government with a national-level plan to defend and secure its digital infrastructure.
The National Cyber Security Master Plan addresses emerging cyber risks and the challenges that the ICT may face in the future.
The strategy adopts four key pillars:
- Enhance the nation’s cyber security posture in a manner that facilitates the country’s growth, safety, and prosperity.
- Build national capability by raising cyber security awareness and developing Kenya’s workforce to address cyber security needs.
- Foster information sharing and collaboration among relevant stakeholders to facilitate information sharing environment focused on achieving the strategy’s goals and objectives.
- Provide national leadership by defining the national cyber security vision, goals, and objectives and coordinating cyber security initiatives at the national level.
Both the strategy and master plan are critical to securing the online environment for citizens, industry, and foreign partners; increasing the Kenyan people’s confidence in online transactions, data security, fraud protection, and privacy; encouraging greater foreign investment and enhancing trade opportunities; and enabling Kenya’s broader economic and societal goals.
2. Among other measures by the government is the establishment of a Computer Incident Response Coordination Center that will offer advice on cyber security matters nationally.
Cyber security is a shared responsibility. The Government of Kenya will continue to partner with government, private sector, academia, and other non-government entities to implement our Strategy in the most efficient and effective way possible.
Both financial and non-financial institutions need high awareness of the need for secure online systems. This will ensure a secure online environment for conducting business and other economic activities. Encourage the use of security standards while designing, building and deploying IT systems.
Cyber security standards are security standards which enable organizations to practice safe security techniques in order to minimize the number of successful cyber security attacks.
Refer to ISO27K Standards for further information regarding Cyber security.
Organizations must also establish and maintain adaptable security policies, processes, and infrastructure that can be used to coordinate response to ICT security threats. There is a strong need for defined security processes, better intelligence and continuous monitoring. There is also a need for continuous training to ensure current technology and security practitioners receive more in-depth training needed to secure critical ICT infrastructure.
Businesses also need to retain security experts in the same way they outsource perimeter security to traditional security company. This would be the best way to ensure continued internet security in an ever changing world. It is imperative to take action before the situation worsens and the cost of inaction becomes even greater.
[Photo. Fiona Njogu compiled this report.]